6 Ways to Make Your Characters Pack an Emotional Punch

I’m reading a book right now that is making me feel things. This, from a writer’s perspective, is an awesome accomplishment. The author has created characters that make me hurt. As a result, he has put me in scenarios that scare me, all despite it being based in a fantasy world. Even so, it moves me and carries real world weight for me as a reader. How cool is that? I wanted to take a moment and figure out what made this character real to me:

The character wasn’t built on negativity

Anytime I recall a “mary-sue” or “gary-stu” character, I can’t think of a time their character was happy. There are plenty of compelling stories where real people have lived mostly tragic lives, but the key there is “mostly.” There must be highs to know how low the lows go. If we are always wallowing in the valley, we don’t really know how far down we are. If we start at the top of the mountain, then we can see how far we could fall and how much there is to lose. This is the key to developing a real character.

The supporting characters are well-developed and matter

This is probably super obvious, but it is worth mentioning. While it is of utmost importance to focus on and develop the main character, don’t let those supporting characters fall to the wayside. Relationships are hella important in both life and in your writing.  Relationships can bring your character down, as well as help build them back up.

How others react to your character can be just as powerful

There is a point in this novel where a supporting character reacted in such a gentle and kind manner to the main character that it made the main character’s emotions much more real to me. Just like you don’t want to have an underdeveloped supporting cast, you also don’t want to forget who is in the room with your character when something is happening.

If the main character is in a bar and hears word of his mother passing, how does he react? When he reacts, how do those closest to him react? I don’t even mean how do his friends or relatives react. I mean anyone within reasonable proximity to your character when they get the news. How do they react to the character’s reaction? This can create a wonderful reflection of your character and their emotions.

Sadness isn’t the only emotion

I think a lot of writers forget about other emotions. Sadness is so powerful and is very easy to visually represent in writing. However, some of my favorite novels explore many layers of emotion. Anger, jealousy, happiness, etc. All these emotions are powerful. To clarify, don’t hesitate to give me some sadness, but that sadness is so much more poignant when we know how the character acts while feeling all the other layers of emotion.

Don’t forget the small stuff

Of course a character’s parents dying is going to be painful for a reader. Similarly, the birth of a baby is probably going to be a joyous moment for the reader. These are major, life-altering events that many people can probably empathize with in some way, but you know what else a reader may empathize with? The feeling of finishing a really good book, that feeling after hearing your supposed friend make fun of you, that moment of anguish after stubbing your toe on your bed post, etc.

These small events may not illicit strong emotions, but it creates different levels of emotion for your characters. It’s easy to show a baseline, content character, and it is nearly as easy to show a character reach a deep level of any particular emotion. It is just as important, though, to show varying levels of these emotions, so the character is real to the reader.

Life isn’t convenient, don’t make the bad stuff convenient

For example, someone getting in a wreck before their last final of the semester. There has been so much build up, so much riding on this, and the person is either super confident or super terrified, but all that changes in an instant when they get into a fender bender on the road. Now they are worried about paying to have their car fixed. They have to make up the final, and they need to worry about their insurance going up.

Suddenly, the anxiety from before seems much more insignificant than it did when it was the person’s only focus. That’s how life works. I feel the bad stuff almost always happens when we are already dealing with a lot. It is shocking in real life, and it will be just as shocking on the page, but, again, you don’t have to always focus on the negative. Maybe something wonderful happens during a tragedy. Surprise us and your characters!

Based on what I’ve read so far in this book, these are some of the key elements that make this character real to me. What do you think? Let me know, and comment below!


About the author

As an avid writer and poet, Alyssa Hubbard explores the earthly and spectral talismans that carry us from life to death and back again through her work. As the darkness within makes its way from pen to paper, she finds room for more joyous activities, such as sampling new ice cream flavors, singing in public, and geeking out over the latest anime. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in English, works in Digital Marketing, and has been writing (professionally) for 8 years. Her work has been featured in literary journals and magazines such as Adanna, The Coffin Bell, and many others.


  1. Thanks for this. Made me think of new scenes I need to focus on. My main character is kind of miserable and I need to show him happy at some point to make the audience care about his misery rather than just accepting it.

          1. Not at all. He’s Nathaniel Adler, a German Baptist farmer in Pennsylvania in 1812. He is in a swirl of conflict when he stands against the local villain to the detriment of his community. He brings Indians into his home where they are not so welcomed by others, raising one as his daughter. Then, just when war is breaking out in America he and his daughter are separated and must fight to reunite. The big dilemma there is how does a pacifist navigate a war?

          2. Wow. This story sounds extremely layered. Very nice, and I really like that it is his nature and beliefs against the climate around him. I can definitely see why he has been so miserable.

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